Location: United Kingdom Plymouth University, UK, Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, UK
Source: European Journal of Sport Science, 2014 Vol. 14, No. S1, S171 S177, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2012.666268
Objective: to evaluate the anthropometric profiles of male surfers and to investigate the relationship of these measures to performance and ability.
Study Design: Observational
Method: 79 male surfers of different levels were submitted to anthropometric evaluation.
Results: Professional surfers were significantly more mesomorphic and less ectomorphic than intermediate surfers. Significant correlations were observed between endomorphy, sum of six skinfolds, percentage of body fat and ability in the group of intermediate level surfers. In all participants, the surfability rating was significantly correlated with endomorphy, mesomorphy, sum of six skinfolds, and percentage of body fat.
Conclusion: The results suggest that adipose and muscle tissue levels may influence the performance potential of the intermediate surfer and that of the professional surfer.
Ectomorph: usually thin, with larger, thin legs. It has shoulders with a reduced width. Reduced muscle mass with difficulty gaining weight and rapid metabolism.
Mesomorphs: large bony structure, stronger muscles, naturally a physical type of athlete. They have greater ability to gain and lose weight. They are naturally strong, and this helps build muscles.
Endomorph: softness and flaccidity. Acquires fat easily. They usually have thin arms and broad legs. Your muscles are strong and powerful, especially in the legs. They present greater potentiality in exercises that use the legs.