Artigos

Surf related chest injuries

Authors:
  • Sano A. e col.
Study of medium relevance
Full article

Source: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals 2015, Vol. 23

Retrospective observational study.

Objective: epidemiological assessment of chest injuries related to surfing.

Methods: Patients were selected from the database with a history of chest trauma. Between 2008 and 2013, six patients were referred to the hospital with chest injuries sustained during surfing. Clinical data were collected from their medical records and analyzed retrospectively.

Results: Rib fractures were observed in 3 of the 6 patients. The other 3 patients were diagnosed with chest bruising only. Hemothorax occurred in one patient. No lacerations were observed in any of the 6 patients. Four patients were injured by collision with the surfboard and one was injured by collision with the seabed. Three patients came to our hospital on the day of the injury, two came the next day and one came 2 days later.

Conclusion: Thoracic injuries associated with surfing are generally blunt thoracic injuries; however, they can occasionally be life-threatening.

SID opinion: 🤙🤙. An epidemiological study with a low sample number, however, it shows that the main mechanism in chest trauma is the collision against the board itself.

Tip SID: Isolated rib fractures are usually low-life injuries, but it is very important to investigate the presence of injuries associated with this fracture, such as pulmonary contusions, pneumo or hemothorax.

The fractured rib is usually very painful and unfortunately there are no effective forms of immobilization. Strong analgesic medications like opioids are often needed.