Location: San Francisco Orthopedic Residency Program, St. Mary’s Medical Center, San Francisco, CA; † The Taylor Collaboration, St. Mary’s Medical Center, San Francisco, CA; and ‡ Kramer Orthopedics, Newport Beach, CA.
Objective: to evaluate orthopedic injuries in professional surfers.
Method: Retrospective Observational Study. The charts of professional surfers from a single orthopedic center were reviewed between 1991 and 2016. Included were injuries sustained during surfing and chronic injuries related to surfing. The injury site, diagnosis and treatment were recorded along with demographic data.
Results: 163 injuries were registered in 86 athletes. The average age of the lesion was 28.5 years (range, 12 to 62 years) and 92.6% of the patients were male. The most frequently injured body parts were the knee (28.2%), ankle (22.1%) and shoulder (19%). Most knee injuries were medial collateral ligament in 49%, with 75% of ankle injuries being sprained, and in the shoulder, 48% had instability, 42% had rotator cuff tears and 35% had anterior-posterior labral tears. higher. Lesions in the lower limbs mainly affected the posterior region of the surfers’ leg (72.5%). In total, 34.6% of all injuries required surgical intervention and shoulder injuries were most often.
Conclusion: The most common orthopedic injuries in professional surfers involve the knee, ankle, shoulder, hip and back. The rear ends of the surfers were preferentially injured, which is the end responsible for power and torque. Shoulder injuries increased the likelihood of an operative intervention. Finally, overuse injuries (femoral-acetabular impingement, rotator cuff) occurred in the older population compared to more acute injuries (ankle sprain / fracture, anterior cruciate ligament rupture), which is also consistent with the need for surgery.
SID opinion: 🤙🤙🤙🤙🤙. Important study showing the regions most affected and the type of injury involved. Important division between acute traumatic injuries and overuse injuries.
Tip: Performing physical training associated with surfing is one of the most effective ways to prevent orthopedic injuries.