Objective: to clarify the characteristics of acute injuries and chronic disorders in competitive surfing, through the study of athletes from the JPSA Japan Pro Surfing Association, since 2009.
Study Design: Epidemiological evaluation / case series
Methods: Data were collected from professional surfers certified by JPSA during competitions and on an outpatient basis. 1707 cases of injuries (acute and chronic) were recorded during 50 championships of Japan Pro Surfing, between 2009 and 2016.
Results: 26 cases of acute injuries during competitions. Which represents an injury rate of 6.6 per 1000h of competitive surfing. Most of the injuries were lacerations and abrasions, and occurred mainly on the lower limbs due to contact with the seabed in longboard surfers.
Acute injuries treated on an outpatient basis were 39 cases out of the total number of 152. Ligament injuries to the lower limbs were the most common. Especially among shortboard surfers.
Chronic disorders were 62 cases in a total of 127 cases treated on an outpatient basis were caused by surfing. Most disorders are concentrated in the lumbar spine (31%), shoulder and joints (27%) and areas of the neck (15%). Cervical or lumbar disc hernias that prevent patients from competing were quite rare. All cases of chronic disorders allowed patients to quickly return to surfing, without the need for surgical treatment, only with medication and physical therapy.
Conclusion: The results of this study are substantially different from the results of a previous survey of recreational surfers and appear to reflect the competitive characteristics of surfing
SID opinion: 🤙🤙🤙🤙🤙. Study carried out in Chiba Japan, stage of the 2020 Olympics. In this study, the authors take several factors into consideration. Take into account the level of the surfer and diffuse acute and chronic injuries.
Tip SID: We believe as well as the authors of this, that in surfing there is a great variability of injuries, being difficult to establish fixed patterns. Personal characteristics of the practitioner and environmental conditions must be considered to establish an epidemiological pattern of surfing injuries.