Place: European Center for Environment and Human Health, University of Exeter Medical School, Truro, UK, Center for Ecology and Hydrology, Wallingford, UK and NIHR CLAHRC South West Peninsula (PenCLAHRC), University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, UK
Source: International Journal of Epidemiology, 2018, 1-15 doi: 10.1093 / ije / dyx281 Original articl
Background: A systematic review was performed to quantify the health risks in which bathers exposed to coastal water in comparison with non-swimmers
Study design: Systematic review
Methods: Assessed 6919 scientific papers potentially relevant, and of these 40 studies were eligible for inclusion in the review. The following adverse health outcomes were evaluated: infections ear infections, gastrointestinal disease, and infections specific micro-organisms.
Results: There is a statistically significant, increased risk of ear infections and gastrointestinal diseases in bathers compared to non-bathers.
Conclusions: This is the first systematic review to evaluate evidence on the increased risk of acquiring diseases during the bath in the sea water compared to non-bathers.
SID Opinion: 🤙🤙🤙🤙🤙 Systematic Review. Meeting of many works to obtain a meaningful conclusion. However obvious it may be result, through this study, we observed how the quality of water interferes with the health of the bather and especially the surfers. Issues such as exposure time and location are also very important factors increase the risk of acquiring a disease.
SID TIP: search for water and beach quality. Observe local basic sanitation conditions. Seek medical attention if symptoms such as: diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, fever and earache; begin to aggravate.