Fonte: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research Publish Ahead of Print
Location: Hurley Surfing Australia High Performance Center, Casuarina Beach, Australia. Research Center for Exercise and Sport Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia.
Objective: to describe and compare gender differences in the physical performance characteristics of elite surfers.
Methods: Twenty competitive female surfers (CFS) and twenty competitive male surfers (CMS) performed a battery of physical performance tests: squat jump (SJ), isometric thigh traction (IMTP), paddle sprint 15m and 400m resistance) during a single test section.
Results: All performance measures were significantly different between CFS and CMS (p <0.01). Specifically, the CMS produced higher peak force production (28.5%) and jumped higher (27.7%) in the SJ, and produced greater normalized peak force during IMTP (18.9%) compared to the CFS. For the paddling performance, the CMS was faster in 5, 10 and 15m (12.4%, 9.7% and 10.9%), had a higher peak paddling speed (11.3%) and recorded faster stroke times in 400 m (11.8%).
Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the CMS has characteristics of physical performance superior to the CFS, in relation to the lower and upper body. Strength and conditioning practitioners should therefore implement a structured, periodized program to facilitate the strength qualities that support surfing performance for all participants, but as highlighted in current research, surfers who may have a larger window for adaptation and, therefore, a vast benefit of directing your underdeveloped physical qualities.
SID’s opinion: 🤙🤙🤙🤙. A study was able to demonstrate gender differences in just a few movements and forces exerted during surfing. The SID criticism is directed at the fact that surfing involves mmanymovements other than those tested
The difference in anthropometry, strength and coordination between the sexes can affect the characteristics of male and female surfing. Affecting positioning, strength and fluidity of style. It also shows how the judgment criteria in a competition must be different between the sexes
SID’s TIP: Performing a training of different muscle groups implies a better performance in surfing.